The MedMPAnet project has been implemented in 12 Mediterranean countries. The project’s efforts led to the declaration or the launching of declaration processes of 7 MPAs totaling a surface of 98,411 ha of marine waters, which are: Porto Palermo (Albania), Réghaia (Algeria), Ras Chekaa, and Naqoura (Lebanon), Ain Al-Ghazala & Bomba Gulf (Libya), Cap des Trois Fourches (Morocco) and Kuriat Islands (Tunisia).
Coordination meetings for regional MPA management
In order to ensure the project management efficiency and for the sake of transparency, a four (then five) member-operative Project Coordination Unit was established at RAC/SPA (Tunis). Then, 8 important meetings have been organized.
To find out more, please visit RAC/SPA's website.
Oceanographic surveys and studies
- 16 oceanographic surveys in 8 Mediterranean countries (Albania, Algeria, Croatia, Lebanon, Libya, Montenegro, Morocco, Tunisia) have been conducted.
- 24 marine sites of conservation interest (Croatia, Lebanon, Morocco, Montenegro) have been identified.
- 14 studies on the socio-economic aspects (fishing and tourism) by involving local stakeholders affected by the new marine protected areas (Albania, Algeria, Croatia, Egypt, Libya, Montenegro, Morocco, Tunisia) have been developed.
- 4 new protected areas management plans were developed in a participatory manner in Albania ((Porto Palermo), Algeria (Réghaia), Morocco (Cap des Trois Fourches) and Tunisia (Kuriat Islands).
- 3 studies on legal and institutional aspects of the conservation of marine biodiversity (Albania, Croatia, Montenegro) have been developed.
- A national strategy for marine protected areas has been developed in Libya, as well as a draft law for protected areas.
- A study of financial needs of Mediterranean MPAs and a guide for the financing of MPA have been elaborated.
PublicationsAll the results of the studies and oceanographic surveys are accessible via online publications:
- Economic and social survey of El Kouf National Park in Libya (2015)
- Caractérisation des principales biocénoses présentes le long du littoral du Parc National d'El Kouf (Libya) (in French) (2015)
- Rapid assessment survey of coastal habitats in Montenegro (2015)
- Ecotourism for local development in Boka Kotorska (Montenegro) Feasibility study (2015)
- Habitats marins et principales espèces des îles Kuriat (Tunisie) Etude complémentaire (in French) (2015)
- Bilan et Diagnostic des îles Kuriat : Phase 1 du Plan de Gestion (in French) (2015)
- Gestion de l'AMCP, définition des objectifs et planification des opérations : Phase 2 du Plan de Gestion (in French) (2015)
- Ecological study in the Porto Palermo Bay and surrounding areas (English) (2015)
- Ecological study in the Porto Palermo Bay and surrounding areas (Albanian) (2015)
- Socio-economic survey and tourism development study (English) (2015)
- Socio-economic survey and tourism development study (Albanian) (2015)
- Le Cap des Trois Fourches: Un site de grande importance pour la conservation de la nature sur la côte méditerranéenne du Maroc (2015)
- Monitoring protocol for Posidonia oceanica beds - Croatia (2015)
- Monitoring Protocol for Reefs - Coralligenous Community - Croatia (2015)
- Field Manual for Monitoring of Posidonia oceanica Seagrass Meadows (2015)
- Ecological characterization of sites of interest for conservation in Lebanon (2015)
- Synthesis report of the ecological characterization of the marine areas of Nakoura, Tyre and Saida in Lebanon (2015)
- Synthesis report of the ecological characterization of the marine areas of Enfeh peninsula, Ras Chekaa and Raoucheh cave in Lebanon (2015)
- Le Cap des Trois Fourches (Mediterranée, Maroc) : caractérisation écologique et orientations de gestion (in French) (2014)
- Rapport synthétique de la liste «Prioritaire» des sites méritant une protection au niveau des côtes méditerranéennes au Maroc (in French) (2014)
- Communautés biologiques marines du Cap des Trois Fourches: caractérisation, cartographie et orientations de gestion (in French) (2014)
- Identification des parties prenantes et des partenariats potentiels pour la création d'un réseau national d'AMP au Maroc (in French) (2014)
- Monitoring Mediterranean Lesser Crested Terns: Thalasseus bengalensis emigratus (2014)
- Guidance for building Marine Protected Areas: Guidelines to improve the implementation of the Mediterranean Specially Protected Areas network and connectivity between Specially Protected Areas (2014)
- Cetacean manual for MPA managers (2014)
- Stakeholder participation toolkit for identification, designation and management of marine protected areas (2013)
- Guidelines for setting up and management of Specially Protected Areas for marine turtles in the Mediterranean (2012) (English & French)
In order to respond to Mediterranean MPAs short staffing or staff lack of management, conservation or planning back-ground, several efforts have addressed the need to build MPA management capacity: regional and national training workshops, on-the-job training, small-granted projects, and technical tools and teaching packages.
Capacity building and training activities implemented within the project allowed enhancing the capacities of 600 MPA manager, practitioner or stakeholder from the participating Mediterranean countries.
- The identification and selection of marine sites suitable to be declared as MPAs by the Mediterranean countries are based most of the time on ecological criteria, whereas it is key to introduce social and economic criteria into MPA selection schemes.
- Furthermore and in order to properly and timely meet Aichi Target 11 in the Mediterranean region, other effective area-based conservation measures should also be considered and taken into consideration with regard to marine and coastal areas conservation and the creation of MPA network/s in the region.
- In order to achieve such shortages, gap analysis for ecological coherence and for considering socio-economic criteria and ecosystem services should be undertaken at national and regional levels.
- Stakeholder engagement in MPAs can be described as a process of maturity from initial stages to more developed and self-sustaining stages. In the Mediterranean region, such processes are more and more recognized by governments as essential and unavoidable steps for establishing effective marine and coastal protected areas, especially with the developing and nascent democracies in the region, accompanied with a reinforced NGOs and civil society institutions.
- As far as capacity building is concerned, the selection of course facilitators needs to strike a balance between professional trainers and experienced MPA practitioners in the topical areas covered by the training curriculum. In the way, a successful capacity building programme is dependent on the selection of programme participants who are willing and interested in making a professional investment in building their own capacity with the intent of implementing new skills and knowledge in the field. Moreover, post-training coaching and experience sharing proved being of significant value to continuing the learning process.
This set of lessons learnt gained through this five year-process will serve to sustain the project results and sustaining them in other locations in the Mediterranean region.